The museum has the largest collection of Cham sculpture in the world, in works ranging from the 4th to 14th centuries, presented in a rough outdoor setting that suits the evocative, sensual sculptures well.
The more than 300 pieces of sandstone artwork and temple decorations were largely influenced by Hindu and, later, Mahayana Buddhism.
There are also various collections of My Son, Tra Kieu, Dong Duong, Thap Mam,Quang Tri, Quang Ngai, Binh Dinh and Kon Tum. This museum is a very popular tourist destination.
The museum itself is also a fine example of Cham architecture with flowing simple lines, designed by the French architects Delaval and Auclair.