The original Communist Hospital was built in 1976 south of Communist Headquarters. There were six doctors (two Thai and four Hmong doctors) and approximately twenty-four nurses. All but one of the doctors and most of the nurses were trained in China.
The medical division had two sections-modern and ancient medicine. Ancient medical practices included acupuncture and herbal medicine. Doctors trained in modern procedures performed surgery on all parts of the body except the heart.
Medical supplies came from China and from within Thailand. Medical personnel were on call 24 hours a day and mobile field units went to battle sites, when needed.
In 1979, a larger hospital was built on the cliff just north of Lan Hin Boom. This location hod a constant breeze that provided pleasant temperatures and helped keep insects away. The hospital added a dentistry section and two research sections. One designed new equipment and the other was a pharmaceutical branch that produced drugs. Both soldiers and civilians were treated here.
Treatment was not expensive. For example, chest surgery or a leg amputation cost approximate 60-100 baht, excluding the cost of medicine. Although some equipment and drugs were homemade, the quality of care at this hospital was the same as the quality at any other large hospital in the country. The entire hospital complex burned to the ground in 1985. Most of medical items in this museum either were donated by former hospital personnel or were recovered from the burned site.