With its provincial capital just 26 kilometers south of Chiang Mai, Lamphun is a small province of 4,506 square kilometers. Renowned for its productive lamyai orchards, its quality hand-woven silk and cotton, and its enchanting old-world charm, Lamphun has a long history and it is memories of this which hold the greatest attraction for travelers.
The town of Lamphun was originally the centre of the Mon Kingdom, know as Hariphunchai and believed to have been in the late 7th or early 8th century AD. The first and most famous ruler of Hariphunchai was Queen Chamma Thewi, whose legendary amorous and diplomatic exploits are the subject of numerous Lanna folk tales. Independence was finally lost in the late 13th century, when Lamphun was taken by King Mengrai and incorporated into his Lanna Kingdom.