Built in the mid-11th century, the Baphuon in Cambodia is located in Angkor Thom, northwest of the Bayon.
This is a three-tiered temple mountain erected as the state temple of Udayadityavarman II dedicated to the Hindu God Shiva.
The temple was built on land filled with sand, and due to its immense size the site was unstable throughout its history.
Large portions had probably already collapsed by the time the Buddha was added. The Baphuon adjoins the southern enclosure of the royal palace and measures 120 meters east-west by 100 meters north-south at its base and stands 34 meters tall without its tower, which would have made it roughly 50 meters tall.
In the late 15th century, the Baphuon was converted to a Buddhist temple.